Stick welding is also highly used in some industries and an effective welding option! Are you searching for an in-depth guide to stick welding? Then do not look any further, I have what you are looking for!
From what it stick welding to how to set up and use, I have covered everything right in this very article. So without wasting any second, let’s get started!
STICK WELDING DEFINITION
This welding is normally defined as shielded metal arc welding. Since there is no stick, why it is called stick welding? The reason behind is, the electrode which welds the metal is stick shaped and that is exactly why it is called stick welding!
HOW STICK WELDING WORKS?
The working process of stick welding is pretty simple! Like other welders, stick welding doesn’t use any kind of gas, it uses current to melt the electrode. The current melts both the metal joint and the metal filler. And the user who holds the rod holder fills the joints with the melted metal filler, that’s it!
EQUIPMENT OF STICK WELDING
Stick welding is the simplest among all the welders. It has only the following four parts.
HOW TO SET UP A STICK WELDER?
As I said back, stick welder is the simplest. And similarly, setting up a stick is also very simple. No complexity! Have a look below!
step by step
The very first thing you should do is take out the welder machine out of the box and then at the front of the welder, you will see two 25mm Dinse socket where you are supposed to plug in the ground clamp and the electrode holder.
Then ensure the welder main switch is off and plug the welder in but do not turn the machine in. Take the electrode holder cable and plug it in the socket that is marked with (+). The (+) socket would be in the bottom.
Next, plug the ground clamp in on the other socket marked with (-) and set the clamp on the welding table.
Now the welder is ready to weld on DC electrode positive!
You are ready to hit but before that, you would want to wear on all the safety gears. Wear a pair of welding glove and an auto-darkening helmet. Stick welding creates a lo fog UV light and radiation which is very harmful to humans.
If you look at the arc directly without any glass or protection, it might damage your eyes. And since stick welding creates a lot of sparks and heat too, so it also important that you keep your hand safe from burning.
Do not forget to wear these before getting into work, a welding helmet and a pair of leather welding gloves won’t cause you to break a bank.
HOW TO WELD ALUMINUM WITH A STICK WELDER?
Welding aluminum with a stick welder is also very easy, you just have to keep a few things in mind. Below I have described the entire process step by step!
Step 1 -
Before we dive into the process, let’s get the safety issue sorted! It is advisable to wear long sleeve thicker fabric shirts. Leather welding gloves and an auto-darkening helmet. Pant should be cuffless since it can catch fire easily.
Step 2 -
Filler electrode is obvious for joining two materials together. But that said, filler rod should be cleaned properly otherwise it will damage the welding. The weld would be weaker and ugly.
Step 3 -
Take a look the aluminum you will be welding on. If that is oxide coated weld would get hampered. So you have to clean the aluminum in order to remove the oxide coating properly. You can either brush or grind the aluminum. Grinding would be a faster and effective solution. When using brush use water.
Step 4 -
Now you would want to preheat the aluminum and the reason is, preheating aluminum gives smoother and cleaner weld. Plus, when the temperature is hot welding becomes easy. For preheating the aluminum, you can use a propane torch and temperature range between 300F to 400F would be fine.
Step 5 -
Let’s assume, you have set up the stick welder as I have shown in the above section. So here comes the main part. Hold the electrode holder and pull the tip at an accurate angle, keep it at 30 degrees that would be the perfect angle for the torching tip.
Step 6 -
If the machine set up is okay, hitting the electrode on the aluminum will create an arc and the filler rod is going to melt and fill the metal. Most newbie makes this mistake, they drag the filler rod which is wrong. Give a slight push forward with the filler rod instead, that will give a strong weld.
You might not do well on the first turn! Try welding on scraps a couple of time before you hit the actual material!
Frequently Asked Questions
What can I weld with stick welder?
Like MIG welder STICK welders are good for thicker metals, they don’t work well on thinner metals. That being said, stick welder can work on steel, Nickel based alloys, chrome, aluminum, regular steel, etc.
Is stick welding strong?
Stick welds are very strong if done right. They can also penetrate deeper in metal and that is why they work best on thicker metals.
Is stick welding Hard for a beginner?
Not at all. Stick welding is the easiest for welding. There is no complexity like MIG or TIG welding. Just turn the machine on, hold the electrode holder and get started.
Any more question on what is stick welding? if yes, then hit me up through the comment section. I have tried to cover all the major things of stick welding so that you can get started. Hope it helped!